Annual Report
2021

Borghildur Erlingsdóttir, forstjóri Hugverkastofunnar

Director General’s Address

30 years of the Icelandic Intellectual Property Office

In 2021, the Icelandic Intellectual Property Office celebrated an important milestone. In July 1991, the Institution began operations as the Icelandic Patent Office. The history of the Icelandic Intellectual Property Office is a story of innovation and change in industry in Iceland for the past 30 years. During this time, the growing emphasis on innovation and the development of industry has meant that intellectual property and intellectual property rights have become more important than ever. That is not only thanks to Iceland being a party to a number of important international treaties, but also the government’s increased emphasis on innovation and the development of industry. Today, a strong intellectual property industry is the foundation of prosperity and value creation in Iceland.

As we look back on the shared history of the old Icelandic Patent Office and theIcelandic Intellectual Property Office, we can see that Icelandic industry, society and business have changed dramatically. Innovation is now central to how we live, work and create goods and jobs. The role of intellectual property in this process is clear: Intellectual property plays a pivotal role in turning an idea into reality. They create value which is vital to protect. Therefore, intellectual property is now effectively the currency of successful innovation. 
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Activities and Mission

A New Organisation Chart

May 1 2021, a new and revised ISIPO policy took effect until the end of 2022. This included a new organisation chart that is, among other things, intended to better define the role of individual fields within the Institution.

The policy emphasises further improving our service, making it more efficient and user-centred. The development of digital solutions and information delivery therefore play a key role in our main targets and projects in the near future.

We will continue to focus on improving the perception and awareness of intellectual property rights. Furthermore, we endeavour to create a good working environment in addition to running the ISIPO in a prosperous and environmentally friendly way.

Changes to the structure and organisation chart will, in a transparent way, support the aims of the revised policy both internally and externally. We will further emphasise the steady flow of information and knowledge by implementing diverse methods of team work.

Production

Intellectual property rights are essential to encourage creativity and innovation. Production is where registration applications for trademarks, patents and design are assessed and formally processed. The Department decides whether registrations will be accepted or rejected, on a case-to-case basis, and its legal examiners prepare reasoning for rejecting applications. The Department resolves opposition and revocation cases and handles requests for re-establishment of rights.

Operations

After the ratification of the new organisation chart, the major change when it came to the Operations Department was that tasks relating to the reception of and service to clients were transferred to a different department. In turn, projects relating to quality management, as well as tasks in the field of information technology, were put under the hat of the Operations Department.

Operations deal with all tasks pertaining to finances and operation as well as managing the administration of information technology systems. Operations also manage archival control, with the total number of cases in the field being around 14.000. That is a considerable increase when compared to previous years. Furthermore, the administration of quality management now falls under the hat of the Operations Department.

In addition to the work already mentioned, the people in the Operations Department also undertake a number of other tasks within the institution, such as the management of international cooperation projects and agreements with international organisations as well as taking part in a variety of teamwork.

Customer Service Department

A new core department for service began operations on 1 May 2021. Its role is to help with the implementation of the revised policy. The tasks of the new Service Department include handling the formal processing of applications and inquiries, issuing the ISIPO Gazette, managing the ISIPO website and providing other external services.

The department also receives applications for the maintenance of rights, i.e. annual payment for patents and the renewal of design and trademark filing, as well as dealing with requests for changes of ownership, the mortgaging of registrations and more.

Skrifstofa forstjóra

Á skrifstofu forstjóra starfa, auk forstjóra, yfirlögfræðingur, samskiptastjóri og stafrænn leiðtogi. Skrifstofan fer meðal annars með sameiginleg verkefni Hugverkastofunnar, en einnig hefur hún yfirumsjón með lögfræðilegum málefnum, innri og ytri samskiptum, stafrænni þróun og innleiðingu á stefnu. Á skrifstofu forstjóra er einnig unnið sjálfstætt að tilteknum verkefnum eða málaflokkum í samvinnu við forstjóra eða sviðsstjóra.

Legal affairs

Breytingar á löggjöf á árinu

Laws on patents no 17/1991 (ell.) changed in 2021 when laws no 57/2021 were passed, implementing a so-called SPC waiver. According to 65. gr. a. ell, it is now permissible to grant third parties exemption from the protection that chemicals/medicine enjoy with the publication of SPC for the production of/or taking necessary action to produce chemicals/medicine which is intended to be exported outside of the European Economic Area. The exemption may also apply to the production of such chemicals/medicine to be stored, due to marketing in Iceland after the additional protection expires.

The change is based on EU regulation no 933/2919, which changed the EU’s regulation on certificates for additional protection for medicine no 469/2009 and awaits implementation into the EEA-agreement. Regulation that expands on what actions producers must take to make use of the exemption and the ISIPO’s servicing is expected in 2022.

The advert for the classing of product and service is updated annually in accordance with the changes that take place on the title of the categories according to the NICE agreement. The advert from January 1 2021 involved slight changes to the title of categories 35 and 36.

Other amendments that may in some ways involve the ISIPO’s handling of cases include the legalisation of new laws on Icelandic country code top level domain no 54/2021. Article 12 of the law states that the domain name holder is responsible for ensuring that his use of the domain does not infringe upon the rights of others, including intellectual property rights. The ISIPO submitted an opinion on the bill while it was under review.

No significant changes were made to international rules and regulations that impact the ISIPO’s operation. Changes to the Madrid Protocol, PCT and Hague rules that were agreed upon during the WIPO General Assembly in fall 2021 are available on the WIPO’s website. The main changes are regarding the nomination and registration of representatives in the Madrid. Protocol, sequence listings and translations in the PCT Procedure, as well as time limits, publication and priority claims in international design process. Most of the changes come into effect in 2022, others later.

The free-trade agreement between the European Union and the United Kingdom after BREXIT took effect in 2021. EFTA and the United Kingdom worked together on a similar agreement which is expected to take effect in 2022. BREXIT meant that international applications by Icelandic parties that mentioned the European Union did not automatically retain their status in Britain. The users that had nominated the European Union in international applications were informed of the fact. BREXIT had the effect that representatives operating in Britain neither fall under the clause of the 35th article of trademark laws nor similar clauses of patent and design laws. It is therefore expected that British representatives can’t represent applicants in Iceland unless they were nominated before Britain’s departure from the European Union.
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Domestic co-operation

The ISIPO stresses the importance of good cooperation with domestic stakeholders in order to increase knowledge about intellectual property rights, improve the service offered to clients, and promote additional and better use of intellectual property rights in Iceland. The Office has therefore over the years established various forms of cooperation with parties involved with industry, education, research, innovation and entrepreneurship in this country, as intellectual property can be found in many diverse places. These include the University of Iceland, Reykjavík University, the Federation of Icelandic Industries, Business Iceland, Innovation Center Iceland and Klak (formerly known as Icelandic Startups).

The ISIPO also carries on a dialogue with intellectual property representatives in Iceland. It has regular meetings with the Icelandic Association of Patent and Trademark Representatives and the Association of Trademarks Experts in order to share information and ensure that the Institution can provide its clients with the best possible service.

International co-operation

The ISIPO actively engages with its international partners for the purpose of sharing of information, experience and knowledge between intellectual property institutions in Europe. Such development becomes ever more important in times of globalisation as commerce, industry and research and development activities are increasingly conducted on an international level.

To a considerable extent, these efforts take place with the involvement of the European Patent Office (EPO), although the ISIPO takes an active part in the management of the Institution as the representative of one of its 38 member states. The Director General of the ISIPO was re-elected Vice Chairperson of the EPO’s Executive Committee for a term of three years in December of 2021, in addition to which the ISIPO participates in various projects in connection with information technology and law, all of which are done for the purpose of making information about patents and applications more accessible to users on a global level, and harmonising the member states’ interpretation of comparable legislation. Furthermore, employees of the Office take part in both meetings and study courses given by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), of which Iceland is a member. The ISIPO is also a participant in extensive cooperation efforts involving the European Union Intellectual Property Office (EUIPO), the Nordic Patent Institute (NPI) and the European Free Trade Association (EFTA),as well as in cooperation between the patent and intellectual property institutions of the Nordic and Baltic countries.

ISIPO’s Policy

May 1st, 2021, a new and revised ISIPO policy took effect. It is in effect until the end of the year 2022. Mentioned there are five policies which state the Institution’s priorities.

Improve the ISIPO’s image and increase awareness about intellectual property rights
A necessary knowledge of intellectual property rights is a prerequisite of companies being able to protect and utilise their intellectual property. Therefore, we emphasise strengthening the image of the ISIPO and increasing awareness about intellectual property rights in Iceland. The ISIPO is active in the conversation about intellectual property rights in society, as well as collaborating with the Institution’s stakeholders on a variety of different projects, such as organising and participating in events and workshops.

In 2021, the ISIPO was one of the partners of Iceland Innovation Week. There we held a seminar in collaboration with The New Business Venture Fund about the importance of intellectual property rights for investment in innovation. Furthermore, the ISIPO had a so-called “pop-up” office in Gróska, where entrepreneurs were invited to seek advice.

The ISIPO also had a workshop in various innovation accelerators and hackathons during the past year. These include Startup SuperNova, Hringiða, Ullarþon and the Technology Transfer Office’s Masterclass on innovation in bio and health technology. In the past years, the ISIPO has also partnered up with Gulleggið and provided participants with vital education and knowledge about intellectual property rights.
Build an efficient and user-centric service
We place great emphasis on continuing to build an efficient and user-centric service. Therefore, the development of digital solutions plays a key role in the ISIPO’s policies and main projects.

An important facet of this work is improving communication and information delivery to our clients, as well as developing a new website and digital application processes.
Improving our staff’s knowledge and communicating it both internally and to the public
Our improved policy emphasises passing on the knowledge that employees of the ISIPO possess, both internally as well as to the general public. To that end, a new team - Þekkingarbrunnur - was introduced. The team’s role is to lead the training and continuing education of the ISIPO staff, both in the ISIPO’s field, as well as in related matters and the legislation that the Institution must abide by.

Þekkingarbrunnnur’s training comes in the form of lectures and shorter courses managed by the Institution’s staff. In addition, guest lecturers are occasionally invited to speak. Furthermore, the foundations have been laid for more specialised workshops, which will in the beginning deal with the reception and treatment of patent applications and investigations into the registrability of trademarks.
Create a dynamic workplace that brings out the best in everybody
The new ISIPO organisation chart is intended to support the Institution’s revised policy and improve the workplace culture. Increasing cooperation between departments, with an emphasis on teamwork, is a part of those changes.

The ISIPO has agreed on and implemented an equal rights plan and equal pay policy, which is intended to ensure equal opportunities and status for ISIPO employees, regardless of sex. The policy is also based on the ISIPO’s HR policy and the values: Professionalism, Knowledge and Trust.

We have furthermore been granted a permit for improved accommodation for the ISIPO, which will improve the workplace even further.
Strive for a prosperous and eco-friendly operation
We place an emphasis on running a thriving ISIPO in an eco-friendly way. The ISIPO recently concluded the second Green Step. The Green Step Program is the Enviroment Agency’s program for state institutions that wish to reduce the negative environmental impact of their operation and increase their employees’ environmental awareness. In 2021, the ISIPO also approved an environmental and climate policy. It involves reducing negative environmental impact and creating interest in our internal environmental work. The policy applies to all aspects of management and maintenance, purchases, the utilisation of resources, chemical use, recycling, the handling of waste and transport.
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Digital development

The ISIPO annually receives over 20 thousand inquiries on a wide variety of issues. Of those, over 5 thousand are new applications, but most of the other inquiries revolve around one of the more than 70 thousand intellectual property rights registered with the Institution. In the past few years the nature of the inquiries has changed, with most of them being submitted via the Internet. The ISIPO was therefore technically well placed to deal with the challenges the World faced in early 2020 when the pandemic hit and service was moved online almost overnight.

When revising the Institution’s policy in the beginning of 2021, we decided to make further digital development a priority. The goal now is to ensure that the Institution can provide all of its services digitally. Great strides have been taken to that end in the past few years. For example, the Institution’s databases have been modernised and strong web services built on top of them to respond to inquiries and receive information.

In the beginning of 2021, the project Digital ISIPO commenced. The project has two functions, one relating to external service and the other to internal procedure.
External service
Work on the ISIPO’s new website is now in the final stages. The website will serve as the entrance to all of the Institution’s services. It will be easy-to-use and accessible and quickly direct clients in the right way. The website will be flexible and smart device friendly. It will also be flexible towards new additions, such as technological solutions including chatbots and offer to show automatic data, for example statistics, with direct links to the Institution’s databases.

The new website will have secure search engines where you can take a look at applications and licenses that are registered with the Institution. It will also be possible to submit every type of application and inquiry digitally as well as paying the application and service fees. The website will also have a My pages feature for users and provide access to documents relating to applications and inquiries, including application documents, registration certificates, certificates, rejection letters and letters of justification.
Internal development
Alongside the work on the new website, we have also worked heavily on internal digital development. We have already taken steps towards increased automation, especially when it comes to the inpouring of information from EPO and WIPO regarding European patents and applications for international trademarks. Further analysis is ahead, where the goal is to find out where technology can replace manual labour. Customer service is the priority in all this work, including whether we can give the customer more power with with self-service.

30 years of the ISIPO

A brief history

In 2021, the ISIPO celebrated its 30th anniversary. July 1, 1991, the Icelandic Intellectual Property Office, then known as the Icelandic Patent Office, began operations. Throughout the years, the Institution has undergone tremendous changes in conjunction with the increased importance of intellectual property rights in industry, business and innovation. In the Icelandic Patent Office’s first year, about 1000 trademarks were registered in Iceland, compared with 4000 in 2021. Today, over 61000 trademarks and 9200 patents are active in Iceland.
It was fitting that on July 11, 1991, an article appeared in Morgunblaðið Newspaper about the establishment of the Icelandic Patent Office under the headline: “Service to industry strengthened with a patent office”. Our goal and role has always been to service Icelandic industry and innovation, guided by our clients’ needs.

Three people have served as Director General of the ISIPO throughout the years. Gunnar Guttormsson headed the Icelandic Patent Office when it began operations in 1991. He served until 2001, when Ásta Valdimarsdóttir was appointed Director General. The incumbent Director General of the Icelandic Intellectual Property Office, Borghildur Erlingsdóttir has been in the role since 2010.

IP and sustainability conference: IP rights can play a key role in developing green technology

The protection and management of intellectual property rights is an important part of innovation in the field of green and sustainable technology. They can play an important part in Iceland’s contribution towards tackling the environmental challenges we are facing today. This was the focus of the ISIPO’s 30th anniversary conference, IP and, which took place in Reykjavík on the 4th of November.
The conference was hosted by author and futurist Bergur Ebbi . In her opening address, Primer Katrín Jakobsdóttir spoke of the transformation of societies and industries by innovation in the three decades since the ISIPO opened its doors in 1991. “Throughout the years, the office has supported Icelandic innovators to maximise the potential of their inventions and creative works by helping them protect their intellectual property. In that way, it has played a part in creating a dynamic and robust innovation ecosystem in Iceland, a foundation for our economic prosperity”, Ms Jakobsdóttir said.
The prime minister also said that innovation in the field of green technology that was built on intellectual property could be Iceland’s most important contribution in the fight against climate change. “And we have the potential to punch far above our weight when it comes to contributing to these sustainability efforts through innovation. The stories we will hear today will show that Icelandic innovation has the potential to play a significant part in an innovation revolution for green technology”, said Ms Jakobsdóttir.
Borghildur Erlingsdóttir, Director General of the ISIPO, said in her speech that just as the world was going through turbulent times 30 years ago, the world was at the cusp of another, darker, transformation in the form of climate change. She said that the fantastic innovators that were telling their stories today were an example of how innovation had the potential to contribute to the fight against that threat. “The importance intellectual property has played in those processes cannot be overstated. In fact, the innovations we see today demonstrate the huge importance intellectual property has in making innovative, sustainable ideas into innovative, sustainable solutions. We cannot and must not forget our role as intellectual property offices in that important process”, Ms Erlingsdóttir said.
The conference also featured greetings from the heads of three international organisations in the field of intellectual property. WIPO Director General Daren the conference from Geneva, Switzerland, EPO President António Campinos from Munich, Germany and EUIPO Executive Director Christian from Alicante, Spain.

Natural resources and intellectual property

Many of Iceland’s foremost innovation companies in the field of green technology participated in the conference. Bergur Sigfússon, Head of CO2 capture and storage at Carbfix, spoke of the company’s recent success. In September it opened Orca, the World's largest direct air capture and storage plant that permanently removes CO2 from the air, in collaboration with Swiss company Climeworks. Carbfix has built up a strong foundation in intellectual property and has plans to expand its IP protection and management in the future.
Egill Tómasson, Innovation Manager at Landsvirkjun, discussed how the national power company of Iceland has put an increased emphasis on innovation and how intellectual property will play a key role in their plans to focus more on a complex and interconnected approach to creating new energy solutions.
In his presentation, Ómar Sigurbjörnsson,, discussed how the protection and management of the company’s intellectual property has allowed CRI to take part in valuable innovation collaborations in the field of CO2 recycling in recent years. The export of Icelandic IP could be Iceland’s most valuable contribution to the fight against climate change.

Innovating for a brighter future

Birta Kristín Helgadóttir, Project Manager at Green by Iceland, discussed in her speech how Icelandic ingenuity and technology can make a difference in sustainability goals in the wake of the COP26 conference in Glasgow. Intellectual property plays an important role in the process by encouraging investment and collaboration in innovation.
In her presentation, Sigríður Mogensen, Head of Division at the Federation for Icelandic Industries, went over the evolution of Icelandic industry in recent decades. She discussed how Icelandic industry went from being primarily natural resource based to being primarily IP based. This development has not only protected the Icelandic economy from external shocks and contributed to increased value creation, but can also be a foundation for innovation in the field of green technology that could be of value to the rest of the world.

Health, food production, and intellectual property

Controlant’s innovation has gathered substantial interest in recent years as their technology has been instrumental in delivering Pfizer’s COVID-19 vaccine around the world. Guðmundur Reynaldsson, IP Manager of Controlant, said in his presentation that the use of the patent system would be an important part of the company’s future plans as it will be key to securing investment for further research and development.
Dr. Björn Örvar, founder and CSO of ORF Genetics, presented his company’s latest product, MESOkine, a protein growth factor for the cell cultured meat industry. It is developed from genetically modified barley grown using geothermal energy in Iceland and promises to greatly reduce the cost of cell cultured meat in the future. ORF uses an integrated approach to intellectual property that focuses on patents, trademarks, and trade secrets to develop their technology.
In his presentation, Ari Ingimundarson, Head ofthe company’s ambitious plans in food production and the role IP will play in VAXA’s future. Their ground-breaking technology allows VAXA to decouple growth from finite natural resources by using algae to convert clean energy into sustainable food. The company has filed for more than 20 patents and the protection of intellectual property is crucial to the company’s investments and sustainable innovation.

Panel discussion

Finally, Ásta Valdimarsdóttir, Permanent Secretary of the ministry of health and former Director General of the Icelandic Patent Office, moderated a panel discussion with Sigríður Mogensen, Ari Ingimundarson, Einar Mäntylä CEO of Auðna Tech Transfer Office, and Huld Magnúsdóttir CEO of NSA Ventures. The discussion took place in Icelandic, but among what was discussed was how intellectual property was often the key to financing innovation projects at the early stage and crucial for their further development.
Einnig var rætt um samkeppnisforskot í grænni orku og hvernig orkuiðnaðurinn hafi ekki nýtt sér hugverkaréttindi og þá sérstaklega einkaleyfi í nægilega miklum mæli síðustu ár. Samkvæmt Einari Mäntylä hafa Íslendingar sem starfa á þessu sviði ekki farið vel með þekkingu sína síðustu ár og einungis selt hana í formi klukkustunda í vinnu ráðgjafa en ekki í gegnum hugverkavarðar tæknilausnir. Þegar skoðaðar eru áskoranirnar sem við stöndum frammi fyrir í ljósi COP26 loftslags-ráðstefnunnar í Glasgow getur framlag Íslands verið í gegnum hugvit. Með því að huga rétt að hugverkamálum gætu íslenskar tæknilausnir haft alþjóðleg áhrif.

Mikilvægt er einnig að virkja bæði einkageirann og hið opinbera. Samkvæmt Ara Ingimundarsyni þurfa hugverkamál að vera á hreinu til að virkja einkafjármagn. Samtímis verði að huga að réttum hvötum í opinberri fjármögnun á rannsóknum og þróun með því að skilyrða hana við nýsköpun sem er vernduð og með framleiðslu og fyrirtæki á bakvið sig.

Að lokum var rætt hvernig aðkomu stjórnvalda að fjármögnun í nýsköpun hér á landi ætti að vera háttað. Þar nefndi Sigríður Mogensen að slík fjármögnun og hvatar til nýsköpunar væru fjárfesting til framtíðar. Því ætti slík fjármögnun, hvort sem það væri í gegnum Tækniþróunarsjóð eða endurgreiðslur vegna rannsóknar- og þróunarkostnaðar, að fara í verkefni sem eru skalanleg, vernduð með hugverkum og huga að því að sækja á erlenda markaði til að auka útflutningstekjur þjóðarbúsins. Á endanum snúist nýsköpun um hvaða verðmætasköpun verði til en slíkt muni drífa framtíðarhagvöxt og aukin lífskjör til framtíðar.
All speeches and presentations are available on our streaming platform.
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Pistlar

Jón Gunnarsson

Framtíð í hugverkadrifnu hagkerfi

Ínýrri skýrslu OECD um íslenskan efnahag kemur fram að margt megi bæta til að efla nýsköpuná Íslandi. Með aukinni vitund íslenskra fyrirtækja um vernd og hagnýtingu hugverka getur Ísland stuðlað að sjálfbærumhagvexti og aukinni verðmæ tasköpun til framtíðar.
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Pétur Vilhjálmsson

Hljóðmerki

Vörumerki eru allt í kringum okkur. Þau eru margs konar tákn sem fólk og fyrirtæki í atvinnustarfsemi nota til auðkenna vörur sínar og þjónustu og auðvelda þannig neytendum að kaupa aftur það sem ánægja var með. Sterk vörumerki bora sér leið inn í undirmeðvitund neytenda og skapa þar sterkar tilfinningar. Markmið eigenda slíkra merkja er að tilfinningarnar séu jákvæðar.
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Jón Gunnarsson, Einar Mäntylä,
Auðnu Tæknitorgs

Sýnum verðmætasköpun í hugverki!

Fyrirtæki sem vernda hugverk sín eru verðmætari og borga hærrilaun og þau eru betur í stakk búin til aðná árangri í nýsköpun.Hugverk eru í dag helstu og mikilvægustuverðmæti fyrirtækjaog eru forsenda þess að þau náiárangri. Hvað þýðir það fyrir nýsköpunog verðmætasköpun á Íslandi?
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Árni Halldórsson

Hugverkaréttur í tölvuleikjaiðnaðinum

Tölvuleikjaiðnaðurinn er vaxandi grein og tölvuleikir í auknum mæli aðslá við öðrum afþreyingarmiðlum. Samkvæmt skýrslugreiningarfyrirtækisinsNewzoo er áætlað að fjöldi tölvuleikjaspilaraárið 2021 hafi verið um þrírmilljarðar sem er rúmlega þriðji hver jarðarbúi. Því kemur ekki á óvart að um er að ræða gríðarlega verðmæta- og atvinnuskapandi iðnað sem veltir milljörðum.
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Hvað er líkt með vörumerki og vörumerki?

Fyrirtæki sem vernda sín vörumerkiborga 19% hærri laun og skapa 20%meiri tekjur en þau sem gera það ekki. Vörumerkieru óefnisleg eign ogumfang þeirra, sem hlutfall af heildarverðmæti fyrirtækja,hefur aukist gríðarlega undanfarin ár. Það er því ljóst að það eru mikil tækifæri í verðmætasköpun með faglegri uppbyggingu vörumerkja.
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Tölfræði

Hugverkaskráningar í gildi á Íslandi í lok 2021

Vörumerki
Einkaleyfi
Hönnun

Skráð hugverk
í lok árs 2020

60.500

Þar af 7.500 í eigu
íslenskra aðila

8.400

ar af 85 í eigu
íslenska aðila

960

Þar af 135 í eigu
íslenskra aðila

Árið 2020
(Umsóknir)

4.044

↑ 1,2%

1.551

↑ 1,2%

14

↑ 1,2%

Árið 2020
(Veitt réttindi)

2.709

↑ 1,2%

1.489

↑ 1,2%

14

↑ 1,2%

Vörumerkjaumsóknum hér á landi fjölgaði um tæp 7% á árinu 2021. Einkaleyfisumsóknum íslenskra aðila fækkaði hins vegar um 23%. Þetta kemur fram í nýrri tölfræði Hugverkastofunnar fyrir árið 2021.

Heildarfjöldi vörumerkjaumsókna sem barst Hugverkastofunni var 7% meiri árið 2021 en árið 2020.
688 landsbundnar vörumerkjaumsóknir frá íslenskum aðilum bárust Hugverkastofunni á árinu 2021.  Það er aukning um 2% frá fyrra ári.
Heildarfjöldi ákvarðana um birtingu vörumerkja* lækkaði um 33% á milli ára.
Landsbundnum einkaleyfaumsóknum fækkaði um 26% á milli ára og IS-PCT alþjóðlegum umsóknum íslenskra aðila fækkaði um 52%.
Landsbundnum hönnunarskráningum hér á landi fjölgar heldur á milli ára.
*Með breytingum á vörumerkjalögum sem tóku gildi 1. september 2020 eru vörumerki nú birt til andmæla tveimur mánuðum áður en þau eru skráð. Því er í þessari yfirferð miðað við fjölda ákvarðana um birtingu vörumerkja til að gæta samræmis í framsetningu fyrir og eftir fyrrgreindar lagabreytingar.

Vörumerki

Heildarfjöldi vörumerkjaumsókna jókst um tæp 7% milli ára eða úr 4.017 umsóknum árið 2020 í 4.287 umsóknir árið 2021. Munaði þar helst um 11% fjölgun á alþjóðlegum umsóknum; árið 2021 barst Hugverkastofunni 3.021 alþjóðleg vörumerkjaumsókn samanborið við 2.710 umsóknir árið 2020. Landsbundnum umsóknum erlendra aðila fækkaði um 9% milli ára (úr 578 árið 2021 í 634 árið 2020). Fjöldi landsbundinna vörumerkjaumsókna frá íslenskum aðilum heldur áfram að aukast milli ára. 688 umsóknir bárust Hugverkastofunni árið 2021 samanborið við 673 árið 2020 sem er aukning um 2%. Er þetta sérstaklega áhugavert í ljósi neikvæðra efnahagslegra áhrifa af COVID-19 faraldrinum, en slíkum umsóknum fjölgaði um 5% á árinu 2020.

Ákvörðunum um birtingu vörumerkja fækkaði töluvert milli ára, eða um 33%. Hugverkastofan tók 2.658 ákvarðanir um birtingu árið 2021, samanborið við 4.018 árið 2020. Munar þar helst um birtingar alþjóðlegra vörumerkja en þeim fækkaði um 45 % milli ára. Endurnýjunum skráðra vörumerkja fækkaði um 5% milli ára (3.133 endurnýjanir árið 2021 samanborið við 3.287 árið 2020). Fækkun var bæði í fjölda alþjóðlegra endurnýjana (1%), landsbundinna endurnýjana íslenskra aðila (8%) og landsbundinna endurnýjana erlendra aðila (12%).

*Með breytingum á vörumerkjalögum sem tóku gildi 1. september 2020 eru vörumerki nú birt til andmæla tveimur mánuðum áður en þau eru skráð. Því er í þessari yfirferð miðað við fjölda ákvarðana um birtingu vörumerkja til að gæta samræmis í framsetningu fyrir og eftir fyrrgreindar lagabreytingar.



Einkaleyfi

Landsbundnum einkaleyfaumsóknum fækkaði um 26% milli ára. Engin landsbundineinkal eyfisumsókn erlendra aðila barst Hugverkastofunni á árinu og á sama tíma fækkaði landsbundnum einkaleyfaumsóknum íslenskra aðila úr 44 árið 2020 í 34 árið 2021, eða um 23%.

Heildarfjöldi landsbundinna einkaleyfa sem veitt voru hérlendis árið 2021 lækkaði úr níu árið 2020 í sjö árið 2021. Fjögur landsbundin einkaleyfi voru veitt til íslenskra aðila árið 2021 og þrjú til erlendra aðila.

Íslenskum PCT umsóknum fækkaði um 52% milli ára, en 12 slíkar umsóknir voru lagðar inn árið 2021 samanborið við 25 árið 2020 sem var metár. IS-PCT umsóknir eru alþjóðlegar PCT umsóknir sem lagðar eru inn á Íslandi þar sem umsækjandi er íslenskur.

Staðfestum evrópskum einkaleyfum hjá Hugverkastofunni fækkaði lítillega árið 2021 miðað við árið á undan. Árið 2021 voru 1.409 evrópsk einkaleyfi staðfest hér á landi samanborið við 1.445 árið 2020, sem er samdráttur um 2%. Er það í annað skipti frá því að Ísland gerðist aðili að evrópska einkaleyfasamningnum sem fækkun verður á fjölda staðfestra einkaleyfa milli ára, en þeim fækkaði einnig árið 2020.

Hönnun

Umsóknum um skráningu hönnunar fækkaði um 27,6% milli ára. 92 umsóknir um skráningu hönnunar bárust árið 2020 samanborið við 127 árið 2019. Munaði þar um töluverða fækkun alþjóðlegra umsókna sem fækkaði úr 111 umsóknum árið 2019 en aðeins 74 bárust árið 2020. Landsbundnum umsóknum um skráningu hönnunar fjölgaði um tvær milli ára.
Fjöldi skráninga hönnunar dróst einnig saman á milli ára. Alls voru 84 hönnunarskráningar árið 2020 sem er samdráttur um 27,6%. Árið 2020 voru 75 alþjóðlegar skráningar hönnunar hjá Hugverkastofunni en áfram fækkar landsbundnum skráningum. Aðeins níu voru skráðar á árinu 2020.

Úrskurðir og ákvarðanir

Á árinu 2021 úrskurðaði Hugverkastofan í 12 andmælamálum og ákvarðaði í 13 málum um gildi skráningar. Hægt er að sjá úrskurði og ákvarðanir Hugverkastofunnar með því að smella hér.

Vörumerki

Heildarfjöldi vörumerkjaumsókna jókst um tæp 7% milli ára eða úr 4.017 umsóknum árið 2020 í 4.287 umsóknir árið 2021. Munaði þar helst um 11% fjölgun á alþjóðlegum umsóknum; árið 2021 barst Hugverkastofunni 3.021 alþjóðleg vörumerkjaumsókn samanborið við 2.710 umsóknir árið 2020. Landsbundnum umsóknum erlendra aðila fækkaði um 9% milli ára (úr 578 árið 2021 í 634 árið 2020). Fjöldi landsbundinna vörumerkjaumsókna frá íslenskum aðilum heldur áfram að aukast milli ára. 688 umsóknir bárust Hugverkastofunni árið 2021 samanborið við 673 árið 2020 sem er aukning um 2%. Er þetta sérstaklega áhugavert í ljósi neikvæðra efnahagslegra áhrifa af COVID-19 faraldrinum, en slíkum umsóknum fjölgaði um 5% á árinu 2020.Ákvörðunum um birtingu vörumerkja fækkaði töluvert milli ára, eða um 33%. Hugverkastofan tók 2.658 ákvarðanir um birtingu árið 2021, samanborið við 4.018 árið 2020. Munar þar helst um birtingar alþjóðlegra vörumerkja en þeim fækkaði um 45% milli ára.Endurnýjunum skráðra vörumerkja fækkaði um 5% milli ára (3.133 endurnýjanir árið 2021 samanborið við 3.287 árið 2020). Fækkun var bæði í fjölda alþjóðlegra endurnýjana (1%), landsbundinna endurnýjana íslenskra aðila (8%) og landsbundinna endurnýjana erlendra aðila (12%).*Með breytingum á vörumerkjalögum sem tóku gildi 1. september 2020 eru vörumerki nú birt til andmæla tveimur mánuðum áður en þau eru skráð. Því er í þessari yfirferð miðað við fjölda ákvarðana um birtingu vörumerkja til að gæta samræmis í framsetningu fyrir og eftir fyrrgreindar lagabreytingar.

Einkaleyfi

Landsbundnum einkaleyfaumsóknum fækkaði um 26% milli ára. Engin landsbundin einkaleyfisumsókn erlendra aðila barst Hugverkastofunni á árinu og á sama tíma fækkaði landsbundnum einkaleyfaumsóknum íslenskra aðila úr 44 árið 2020 í 34 árið 2021, eða um 23%.Heildarfjöldi landsbundinna einkaleyfa sem veitt voru hérlendis árið 2021 lækkaði úr níu árið 2020 í sjö árið 2021. Fjögur landsbundin einkaleyfi voru veitt til íslenskra aðila árið 2021 og þrjú til erlendra aðila.Íslenskum PCT umsóknum fækkaði um 52% milli ára, en 12 slíkar umsóknir voru lagðar inn árið 2021 samanborið við 25 árið 2020 sem var metár. IS-PCT umsóknir eru alþjóðlegar PCT umsóknir sem lagðar eru inn á Íslandi þar sem umsækjandi er íslenskur.Staðfestum evrópskum einkaleyfum hjá Hugverkastofunni fækkaði lítillega árið 2021 miðað við árið á undan. Árið 2021 voru 1.409 evrópsk einkaleyfi staðfest hér á landi samanborið við 1.445 árið 2020, sem er samdráttur um 2%. Er það í annað skipti frá því að Ísland gerðist aðili að evrópska einkaleyfasamningnum sem fækkun verður á fjölda staðfestra einkaleyfa milli ára, en þeim fækkaði einnig árið 2020.

Hönnun

Umsóknum um skráningu hönnunar fjölgaði mikið milli ára. 169 umsóknir um skráningu hönnunar bárust Hugverkastofunni árið 2021 samanborið við 120 árið 2020, sem er aukning um 40% milli ára. Munaði þar helst um mikla aukningu í fjölda landsbundinna umsókna frá erlendum aðilum, en 79 slíkar umsóknir bárust Hugverkastofunni árið 2021 samanborið við aðeins fjórar árið 2020. Fjöldi landsbundinna umsókna íslenskra aðila um skráningu hönnunar stóð í stað, en sjö slíkar umsóknir bárust árið 2021. Alþjóðlegum umsóknum um skráningu hönnunar fækkaði hins vegar um 24% milli ára; 83 slíkar umsóknir bárust árið 2021 samanborið við 109 árið 2020.

Úrskurðir og ákvarðanir

Á árinu 2021 úrskurðaði Hugverkastofan í 12 andmælamálum og ákvarðaði í 13 málum um gildi skráningar. Hægt er að sjá úrskurði og ákvarðanir Hugverkastofunnar með því að smella hér.

Mannauður og rekstur

Hjá Hugverkastofunni starfar fjölbreyttur hópur starfsfólks með ólíkan bakgrunn, meðal annars í sálfræði, viðskiptafræði,
lögfræði, stjórnmálafræði, stjórnsýslufræði, verkfræði, tölvunarfræði, kennslu, mannfræði, tannsmíði og verkefnastjórnun. Í árslok 2021 störfuðu 37 starfsmenn á Hugverkastofunni, 26 konur og 11 karlar. Mikið barnalán hefur leikið við starfsmannahópinn en alls fóru sjö starfsmenn í lengra eða styttra fæðingarorlof á árinu. Einn starfsmaður starfaði hjá Hugverkastofu Evrópusambandsins (EUIPO) sem sérfræðingur lánaður til starfa og einn starfsmaður var ráðinn í sumarstarf í gegnum átak Vinnumálastofnunar um sumarstörf fyrir námsmenn.

Jafnlaunastefna og jafnréttisáætlun

Hugverkastofan leggur áherslu á jafnan rétt kynjanna til launa, stöðuveitinga og starfa. Allt starfsfólk óháðkyni skal njóta jafnra launa og sömu kjara fyrir sömu eða jafn verðmæt störf þannig að enginn ómálefnalegur launamunur sé til staðar.
Starfsfólk Hugverkastofunnar skal jafnframt njóta sömu tækifæra, réttinda og starfsaðstæðna óháð kynþætti, þjóðerni, trúarbrögðum, litarhætti, efnahag, ætterni og öðrum ómálefnalegum þáttum, eftir því sem við á.

Rekstur

Rekstrarform Hugverkastofunnar er A-hluta form og er fjárheimild stofnunarinnar ákvörðuð á fjárlögum hvers árs án þess að til komi framlag úr ríkissjóði. Reksturinn er fjármagnaður með þjónustugjöldum frá þeim sem kosið hafa að vernda hugverk sín hér á landi, bæði innlendum og erlendum aðilum. Reksturinn er því mjög frábrugðinn rekstri annarra ríkisstofnana en umsvif stofnunarinnar ráðast af fjölda umsókna og erinda sem koma til meðferðar hjá stofnuninni hverju sinni. Ýmsir utanaðkomandi þættir geta svo haft áhrif á fjölda umsókna, svo sem gengisþróun og aðstæður í efnahagsmálum hér á landi og á alþjóðavísu.

Rekstrarform Hugverkastofunnar er A-hluta form og er fjárheimild stofnunarinnar ákvörðuð á fjárlögum hvers árs án þess að til komi framlag úr ríkissjóði. Reksturinn er fjármagnaður með þjónustugjöldum frá þeim sem kosið hafa að vernda hugverk sín hér á landi, bæði innlendum og erlendum aðilum. Reksturinn er því mjög frábrugðinn rekstri annarra ríkisstofnana en umsvif stofnunarinnar ráðast af fjölda umsókna og erinda sem koma til meðferðar hjá stofnuninni hverju sinni. Ýmsir utanaðkomandi þættir geta svo haft áhrif á fjölda umsókna, svo sem gengisþróun og aðstæður í efnahagsmálum hér á landi og á alþjóðavísu.
Útgjöld voru nokkuð lægri en gert var ráð fyrir í áætlunum og skýrist það einkum af því að ekki var ráðist í viðhaldsframkvæmdir á fasteigninni á Engjateigi 3, sem og lægri ferða- og starfsmannakostnaði. Heildarútgjöld námu 527,9 m.kr. og var stærsti einstaki útgjaldaliðurinn launakostnaður eða 76%.

Rekstrartekjur:

515.5 milljónir króna

Sértekjur:

12,6 milljónir króna

Rekstrarkostnaður:

527,9 milljónir króna

Starfsmenn

36

manns

Meðalstarfsaldur

9

ár

Meðalaldur

42

ára