To give a clearer view of the fields and sectors of patents, a key has been developed where the IPC-categories are divided into 35 defined technical fields*. In 2020, this key was applied to the ISIPO's patent data for the first time, providing a better understanding of the composition of patents in Iceland.
About half of the 8,868 valid patents on December 31st 2020 concerned the field of pharmaceuticals, and more than three quarters the chemistry sector. The division by sectors and fields is shown in more detail in the enclosed diagram.
When looking only at the 83 valid patents held by Icelandic parties, more than half of them belong to the sectors of mechanical engineering and instruments. This is in coherence with an analysis of valid Icelandic patents from 2020, showing that the majority of these patents were associated with the fishing industry, mainly fishing and processing, where advancements in machinery and automatization have played a significant role, leading to enormous progress in recent decades.
* Source: WIPO IPCTechnology Concordance Table